What Is Football And Why People Love It
Soccer (also known as association soccer or soccer) is a team sport played between two teams of 11 players each. It is widely regarded as the most popular sport in the world. A ball game is played on a rectangular grass field or sometimes on artificial grass, with a goal at each end of the field.
The object of the game is to score by moving the ball to the opposite goal; only goalkeepers can use their hands or arms to propel the ball into general play. The team that scores the most goals at the end of the match wins. If the score is tied at the end of the match, a draw is declared or the game is extended, depending on the format of the competition.
The modern game was codified in England after the founding of the Football Association, of which the 1835 Laws of the Game laid the foundation for the way it is played today. Soccer is managed internationally by the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA).
The most prestigious international soccer competition is the World Cup, which is held every four years. This event, the most watched and famous in the world, has twice the audience as the Summer Olympics.
Nature of the game
Football is played according to rules known as the rules of the game. The game is played with a single round ball (soccer) and two teams of eleven players battle to insert the ball into the other team’s goal to score a goal. The team that has scored the most goals at the end of the game is the winner. If both teams have scored the same number of goals, the game is a tie. However, there are exceptions to this rule. See Duration and Linking Methods below.
The main rule is that players (other than goalkeepers) must not intentionally touch the ball with their hands or arms during a game (although they use their hands during a throw-in). Although players typically use their feet to move the ball, they can use any part of their body except their hands or arms.
In the typical game, players attempt to push the ball towards their opponents’ target by individually controlling the ball, e. g. B. by dribbling, passing the ball to a teammate and by shooting at the goal that is guarded by the opposing goalkeeper. Opposing players can attempt to regain control of the ball by catching a pass or by dealing with the opponent who controls the ball. However, physical contact between opponents is limited. Football is generally a fluid game, with play only pausing when the ball has left the field of play or when the game is stopped by the referee. After a stop, the game will restart with a certain restart.
On a professional level, most games only score a few goals. For example, an average of 2. 48 goals were scored in the English 2005/06 season of the FA Premier League.
The rules of the game do not specify any positions other than a goalkeeper, but a number of game specialties have evolved. In general, these fall into three main categories: strikers or predecessors whose main job is to achieve goals; Defenders who specialize in preventing their opponents from goaling; and midfielders who drive away the opponent and hold the ball to pass it to the predecessors; Players in these positions are called field players to distinguish them from individual goalkeepers. These positions differ further depending on which side of the field the player spends most of their time on. For example, there are center-backs as well as left and right midfielders.
The ten outfield players can be arranged in any combination in these positions (e. g. four defenders, four midfielders and two strikers or three defenders, three midfielders and four strikers) and the number of players in each position. determines the team’s style of play; More strikers and fewer defenders would result in a more aggressive and offensive game, while the opposite would result in a slower and more defensive game.
While players can spend most of the game in a specific position, there are few restrictions on players’ movement and players can change their position at any time. The arrangement of players on the field of play is called team building, and defining the team’s formation and tactics is usually the privilege of the team manager.
History and development
Games around kicking a ball have been played in many countries throughout history. According to FIFA, “the first form of the game for which there is scientific evidence is an exercise in precisely this clever technique of the 2nd and 3rd centuries BC in China. ” of football. Various forms of football were played in medieval Europe, although rules varied greatly in terms of period and location.
While football continued to be played in various forms throughout the UK, English public schools (free-paying schools) were credited with some major achievements in the creation of modern football (football and rugby players – Rugby 13 and Rugby Union). Soccer). Evidence suggests that during the 16th century English public schools in general, and Richard Mulcaster in particular, were instrumental in removing football from its violent “mafia” and transforming it into an organized team sport that was good for students.
Therefore, the game was institutionalized, regulated, and part of a larger, more central tradition. Many early descriptions of football and references to it (eg poetry) were recorded by people who studied in these schools, and show that they know the game. Finally, in the 19th century, teachers and former students were the first to write down formal rules of early modern football to allow matches between schools.
The rules of football as they are coded today are effectively based on the efforts of the mid-19th century to standardize the many different forms of football that are played in public schools in England. The first set of football rules was written at Eton College in 1815. The Cambridge Rules were a code of football rules, first developed at Cambridge University in 1848, which influenced the development of football (also known as “football”) or football. and subsequent codes.
The Cambridge rules were written at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1848, at a meeting of the representatives of Eton, Harrow, Rugby, Winchester and Shrewsbury schools, but they were not generally accepted. During the 1850s, many clubs, not affiliated with schools or universities, were formed throughout the English-speaking world to play various football games. Some came up with their own regular codes, most notably the Sheffield Football Club (formed by former Harrow students) in 1857, which led to the formation of Sheffield FA in 1867. In 1862, John Charles Thring of Uppingham School also came up with influential regulations.